of India is a Voluntary Organization. Its aims
and objectives are:
- The prevention
- Treatment &
- Relief of tuberculosis.
Ans. Tuberculosis is not a family disease. It comes from a germ. TB patients throw this germ in the air while coughing, sneezing or pitting. Any normal person can inhale these germs and then develop disease.
Ans. Yes. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease. That is why a TB patient should cover his mouth with a piece of cloth while coughing or sneezing, so as to avoid spread of disease to others.
When a patient starts treatment, then after about 2 months he become non-infectious.
Ans. We should not discriminate with TB patients. Rather patient should be advised to take certain precaution to avoid spread of disease, he should cover his mouth and nose while coughing or sneezing, proper sputum disposable and take regular treatment.
Ans. Smoking can aggravate his symptoms. Therefore, a patient should not smoke.
Ans. Alcohol can increase the chances of side effects of drugs. Some TB drugs cause nausea, vomiting or jaundice in some cases. If TB patient takes alcohol also, there are more chances of developing these side-effects.
Ans. Yes, it is free in all Government run and aided TB Clinics and Institutions.
Ans. TB is an infectious disease, it is not hereditary. Because the household contacts are at an increased risk, so people have a wrong idea that it is a hereditary disease.
Ans. Yes. Sometimes dose of some drugs has to be adjusted like drugs for diabetes, epilepsy, heart disease etc. Therefore, always consult the treating doctor.
Ans. Yes. Presently used TB drugs are safe in pregnancy.
Ans. No need to do this.
Ans. No need. One has to observe proper cough hygiene.
Ans. Only if they have cough for more than three weeks they should get their sputum examination dose. Otherwise, children below 5 years should get their skin test for TB done and get drug to prevent disease, if advised by doctor.
Ans. No. It may happen sometimes because patient usually takes good diet and rest during the illness.
Ans. Not directly, but they decrease the resistance of body so there are more chances to get disease.
Ans. Collect sputum in a closed container, mix it with water. Boil for 15 minutes and drain it in flowing water.
Ans. For 6 to 8 months.
Ans. With modern available drugs, germs in sputum die in 2 to 4 weeks and then patient is not able to spread disease.
Ans. Usually not. Except if patient is seriously ill.
Ans. Following groups with respiratory symptoms are at an increased risk of tuberculosis, persons who have been in close contact with a TB patient, patients suffering from malnutrition, silicosis, diabetes, alcoholics and drug addicts.
Ans. Because treatment depends on type and extent of disease.
Ans. TB spares no one. Rich and poor, all get tuberculosis.
Ans. Not always. All fresh cases of TB needed only capsule and tablets to swallow injections are required only if one develops disease second time or with resistant organisms.
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